PLANTS OF GROOTFONTEIN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE
Acanthaceae
(Pistol bush family)
Aizoaceae
(Kraalbos family)
Amaryllidaceae
(Clivia family)
Anacardiaceae
(Wild currant family)
Apiaceae
(Carrot family)
Opposite leaves often on swollen nodes.  Bracts conspicuous.  Fruit an explosive capsule.
Herbs. Flowers small, with petals much reduced or absent.
Bulbous herbs. Leaves strap-shaped, or elliptical, mostly in 2 rows. Flowers usually in an umbel-like structure. Stamens 6.
Opposite leaves often on swollen nodes.  Bracts conspicuous.  Fruit an explosive capsule.
Aromatic herbs or trees. Stems with distinct pith. Leaves usually much-divided with a sheath at base. Flowers in umbels.
Apocynaceae
(Milkweed family)
Asparagaceae
(Asparagus family)
Asphodelaceae
(Aloe family)
Asteraceae
(Daisy family)
Boraginaceae
(Forget-me-not family)
Leaves mostly opposite. Flowers mostly opposite. Flowers usually in umbels. Stamen and pistil fused into a complex structure. Plants with watery or milky sap.
Subshrubs or climbers. Leaves reduced, often scale-like. Flowers small, white or cream, star-like.
Perennials with tuberous roots. Leaves mostly succulent, in a rosette. Inflorescences on long peduncles.
Flowers arranged in a head. Anthers fused into a tube. Fruit with a pappus.
Plants with stiff hairs. Inflorescence often 1-sided and coiled.
Brassicaceae
(Mustard family)
Cactaceae
(Cactus family)
Campanulaceae
(Bell flower family)
Capparaceae

Caryophyllaceae
(Carnation family)
Flowers in raceme. Four petals arranged in the form of a cross. Fruit a siliqua.
Succulents.
Bell-shaped flowers, predominantly blue. Anthers free.
Leaves opposite. Nodes often swollen. Tips of petals notched or fringed. Styles separate (2-5).
Celastraceae
(Spike-thorn family)
Colchicaceae
(Colchicum family)
Commelinaceae
(Commelina family)
Convolvulaceae
(Morning glory family)
Crassulaceae
(Crassula family)
Woody plants. Branches often angular. Flowers usually small with nectar-secreting disc below the ovary.
Geophytes. Leaves alternate, sheathing at the base. Fruit a capsule.
Twining climbing herbs, rarely shrubs. Flowers trumpet-shaped.
Succulent leaves. Flowers with 3-5 separate carpels.
Cucurbitaceae
(Cucumber family)
Cyperaceae
(Sedge family)
Dipsacaceae

Ebenaceae

Ericaceae
(Erica family)
Herbs. Stems trailing with coiled tendrils. Whole plant covered with rough hairs.
Culms usually solid, often 3-angled. Leaves in 3 ranks, with blade and sheath, sheath forming a tube around the culm.
Perennials with tuberous roots. Leaves mostly succulent, in a rosette. Inflorescences on long peduncles.
Woody shrubs. Leaves mostly whorled, reduced and leathery. Anthers opening with pores.
Euphorbiaceae
(Euphorbia family)
Fabaceae
(Pea family)
Geraniaceae
(Pelargonium family)
Gisekiaceae

Usually succulent plants with milky or watery latex. Flowers unisexual. Fruit splits into 3.
Pod-bearing plants. Leaves compound with leaf-base frequently swollen.
Aromatic herbs or shubs. Fruit breaking up into 3-5 parts, each with a spiral awn.
Hyacinthaceae
(Chincherinchee family)
Hydnoraceae

Hypoxidaceae
(Star lily family)
Iridaceae
(Gladiolus family)
Juncaceae

Geophytes with rosette of channeled leaves. Leaves appear with the flowers.
Geophytes with vertical tuber. Perianth with 6 segments and 6 stamens.
Geophytes. Leaves sword-shaped, forming a fan. Flowers with 3 stamens.
Lamiaceae
(Sage family)
Limeaceae

Lobeliaceae
(Lobelia family)
Loranthaceae

Malvaceae
(Hibiscus family)
Aromatic herbs or small shrubs. Stems 4-angled. Leaves frequently decussate.
Two-lipped flowers. Anthers fused into a tube.
Many anthers fused into a distinct column around the style. Star-shaped hairs present.
Oxalidaceae
(Oxalis family)
Papaveraceae
(Papaver family)
Pedaliaceae

Plantaginaceae
(Plantago family)
Poaceae
(Grass family)
Leaves usually with 3 leaflets. Petals furled in bud. Stamens 10, in two whorls.
Culms hollow, usually cylindrical. Leaves in 2 ranks, with blade and sheath, sheath split open, with free margins.
Polygalaceae
(Polygala family)
Polygonaceae

Portulacaceae

Proteaceae
(Protea family)
Ranunculaceae

Flowers resembling those of a pea flwoer, with a brush-like appendage on the keel-petal.
Woody plants. Flowers in heads or spikes.
Restionaceae
(Cape reed family)
Rhamnaceae
(Buffalo-thorn family)
Rubiaceae
(Gardenia family)
Ruscaceae

Rutaceae
(Buchu family)
Plants either male or female. Culms cylindrical and solid. Leaves reduced to tubular sheaths.
Leaves often glossy. Flowers inconspicuous. Fruit a fleshy drupe.
Leaves opposite, margins entire. Petals united into a tube. Mouth of tube usually hairy.
Tuberous geophytes with leafless inflorescence and woolly seeds.
Plants aromatic. Leaves dotted with glands.
Santalaceae
(Thesium family)
Sapindaceae

Scrophulariaceae
(Snapdragon family)
Solanaceae
(Tomato family)

Thymelaeaceae
(Fibre-bark family)
Plants bluish-green, with reduced leaves and small flowers.
Herbs. Leaves opposite. Stamens mostly 4, 2 usually longer than the other, attched to the corolla.
Flowers often opposite the leaves. Fruits berries or capsules.
Tough fibrous bark. Flowers tubular, often in dense heads.
Verbenaceae
(Verbena family)
Vitaceae
(Grape family)
Zamiaceae
(Broodboom family)
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